Your skin is your body’s largest organ, as well as its first layer of defense against bacteria, fungi and other pathogens.
It’s also a part of your body that, more than any other, signals to the outside world certain things about your habits and general health.
While terms like “skin care” might make you think of costly products and complicated routines, the reality is that taking care of your skin is both far less complicated and much less expensive than it’s made out to be in popular media.
From protecting yourself from the sun to moisturizing, sleeping well and staying on top of spots, moles and acne, the right habits can keep your skin healthy and youthful in appearance as you get older, all at a relatively low cost.
Below, we’ve discussed the As to Zs of skin care for men, covering everything from suggested skin care habits to proven, science-based products that belong on your countertop. We’ve also busted a few common skin care myths in the process.
Although it’s normal to develop a few wrinkles as you get older, the right habits can reduce the effects of aging on your skin and keep you looking youthful well into your 30s, 40s and 50s.
One of these habits is protecting your skin from the sun. Sun exposure is extremely damaging for your skin. The more your skin is exposed to direct sunlight over the course of your life, the more likely it is to display wrinkles, age spots and other common signs of aging.
This is because the UV rays in sunlight can damage your skin at the DNA level, reducing your skin’s production of important structural proteins like elastin and collagen.
Over time, this process degrades your skin’s structure, accelerating the natural effects of aging and potentially making you look older than you really are.
According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, photoaging — the type of aging that’s associated with sun exposure — is responsible for about 90 percent of the visible changes that occur in your skin as you get older.
Now, it’s obviously impossible to totally block UV exposure from your life. However, a few simple habits can significantly cut down the amount of damage that UV radiation from the sun is able to do to your skin. Try to:
Smoking isn’t just terrible for your heart and lungs — it’s also damaging to the structural proteins that make up your skin.
Research shows that cigarette smoking may speed up the effects of aging on your skin, making you look older than you really are.
For example, a study published in the International Journal of Dermatology found that smokers tend to show a higher degree of facial wrinkling and rougher skin texture than non-smokers and past smokers of the same age.
If you smoke, quitting may help to improve your skin health and slow down the development of wrinkles and other common age-related skin issues.
Quitting isn’t easy, but it is possible. Our guide to quitting goes into more detail about the health and lifestyle benefits of kicking the habit, as well as the most effective ways to give up cigarettes for good.
Not only does sun exposure age your skin prematurely — it can also significantly increase your risk of developing skin cancer.
Even if you’re careful not to spend too much time in the sun, it’s important to check your skin for common signs of skin cancer every few months, especially if you live in a region that gets lots of sunlight.
You can do this by checking your skin by yourself in the mirror, or checking with a partner. Make an appointment with a dermatologist if you notice any spots that are:
The American Academy of Dermatology has a helpful skin cancer infographic that you can use to examine your skin at home and identify signs of skin cancer.
From oily to sensitive, everyone’s skin is slightly different. By understanding the type of skin you have, you can choose skin care products that are designed specifically for your needs.
Most skin care experts recognize five different skin types:
Once you’ve identified your skin type, look for products that are designed for your needs. Many products are formulated specifically for common skin types using ingredients that are less likely to cause dryness, oiliness, irritation or other common issues.
Washing your face regularly helps to remove dead skin cells, clean away excess sebum and get rid of bacteria and other germs that can worsen common skin issues like acne.
While washing your face might seem easy, it’s important to follow the right process to keep your skin clean without causing any damage or irritation.
It’s best to wash your face a maximum of two times a day, as well as after you exercise or take part in other activities that make you sweat. When you wash your face more than twice a day, you may increase your risk of developing dryness and irritation.
When you wash your face, use a gentle cleanser that doesn’t contain any alcohol. Make sure to apply your cleanser carefully using your fingertips. Avoid scrubbing your skin with a washcloth or other device, as this may cause irritation.
Once you’ve finished washing your face, gently pat your skin dry using a clean, soft towel. For best results, apply a moisturizer after you finish washing your face by following the instructions provided below.
Using moisturizer is one of the simplest, most effective things that you can do to keep your skin healthy, hydrated and in optimal condition.
Moisturizer traps water in your skin, giving it a more youthful appearance and making fine lines, wrinkles and other common signs of aging less visible. It also helps to prevent your skin from becoming dried out and irritated.
Using moisturizer is simple. To keep your skin optimally hydrated, try to apply moisturizer after you finish showering or shaving, preferably while your skin is still slightly damp. Make sure to reapply moisturizer whenever your skin feels dry.
Acne is one of the most common skin diseases, especially for people in their teens and early 20s.
Like with many other skin-related topics, there are countless myths about how acne develops and what causes it to worsen.
Contrary to popular belief, acne breakouts aren’t caused by dirt, greasy foods or not spending enough time in the sun.
The reality of acne is that it’s caused by three things. The first of these is a type of natural oil that’s produced by your skin called sebum. The second is the accumulation of dead skin cells on the surface of your skin over time.
These two things can combine inside your pores, causing them to become clogged and form into acne lesions.
The third factor in acne is bacteria. Over time, bacteria can multiply inside clogged pores and cause your acne to become inflamed, red and painful.
Once you understand what causes acne, choosing science-based, proven products to prevent acne breakouts becomes far easier. We’ve shared several recommendations for treating acne below.
Retinoids are a class of medications that are derived from vitamin A. They work by increasing the speed at which your skin replaces old, dead cells with new ones through a process called epidermal turnover.
Many retinoids, particularly one called tretinoin, have been used for decades as treatments for both acne breakouts and common signs of aging such as wrinkles and age spots.
A significant amount of research shows that retinoids are effective at treating acne and slowing down the effects of aging on your skin.
For example, a detailed review published in Dermatology and Therapy, which used data from a large selection of different studies, concluded that retinoids are “highly efficacious” for inflamed and noninflamed acne breakouts.
Another scientific review published in Clinical Interventions in Aging described retinoids as the most promising agents available for treating the effects of aging.
Since retinoids are decades old, they’re available as inexpensive generic medications, making them a great low-cost, high-results addition to your skin care routine.
You can find mild retinoids such as retinol and adapalene in over-the-counter creams and other products available in most drugstores.
You can learn more about how retinoids work for acne prevention and anti-aging in our detailed guide to tretinoin.
In addition to topical retinoids, other medications can help to treat and prevent acne breakouts by lowering sebum levels, getting rid of dead skin cells and stopping the growth of bacteria.
If you’re prone to acne, it’s best to talk to a healthcare provider. They may recommend one or several of the following medications:
Make sure also to look for skin care products labeled “non-comedogenic” or “oil free.” These are formulated to reduce your risk of developing clogged pores, making them a good option if you’re prone to acne breakouts.
The way you shave can have a surprisingly large impact on your skin. Not only can shaving lead to cuts and scratches — shaving too aggressively or on skin that’s too dry can also cause painful razor burn.
Before you shave, wet your hair so that it’s moist and soft. Make sure to use shaving cream with a moisturizing formula, especially if you often get dry skin after shaving.
To minimize your risk of getting razor burn or ingrown hairs, use a single or double-bladed razor and shave in the direction that your hair grows. Make sure to rinse your razor regularly to get rid of hair buildup that can increase friction and irritate your skin.
Taking good care of your skin doesn’t need to mean committing to a complicated, costly routine that involves one product after the other.
In fact, a few simple changes to your habits, such as using sunscreen, applying moisturizer and occasionally using medications such as tretinoin, can have a noticeable impact on the way your skin looks and feels as you get older.
If you’re interested in taking care of your skin and preventing issues such as acne and wrinkles, consider talking to a licensed healthcare provider to learn more about your options.