Medically reviewed by Jill Johnson, DNP, APRN, FNP-BC
Written by Our Editorial Team
Last updated 10/30/2021
We need to talk about porn — specifically the “money shot.” You should know that the amount of ejaculate shown in those scenes is often enhanced and those male porn stars are not actually producing that much. To put it bluntly, it’s fake.
So, if you’re comparing how much ejaculate you produce to that, don’t. Still worried you may not be ejaculating enough semen?
This guide will go over what you need to know about ejaculation, why your semen volume may be low and how to increase it.
Before we get to increasing ejaculation, you need a basic understanding of how the process works.
The International Society for Sexual Medicine says that the average volume of semen per emission ranges between 1.25 to 5 milliliters. That’s approximately between ¼ to one teaspoon.
You may ejaculate more if you haven’t had sex in a while. Also, men in their early thirties tend to produce the most ejaculation. From there, as you age, the amount tends to decrease.
All of this is to say that low ejaculation may not be a reason for concern — it could be due to circumstances, age, or even just something random.
However, if you notice you ejaculate less than 2 milliliters regularly, you could be dealing with a medical condition.
As we mentioned, ejaculating a small amount can be caused by a variety of things. Here are some of the most common reasons:
Normally, when a man ejaculates, semen is ejected through the urethra and out the tip of the penis. But there is a medical condition called retrograde ejaculation.
If you have this condition, semen actually may travel backwards into the bladder. The result is that less semen comes out the tip of the penis.
If you have retrograde ejaculation, you still can experience an orgasm and all the sensations that occur as a result.
It also doesn’t cause any serious medical issues, though it can affect your ability to have a child.
The most common causes of retrograde ejaculation are:
Complications from prostate gland or bladder surgery
Health conditions like diabetes and multiple sclerosis
Side effects of alpha blocker medications (commonly used to treat high blood pressure)
As mentioned, your ejaculation output diminishes as you age. One study found that men over 50 had lower semen volume.
As you age, your pelvic floor naturally weakens. The pelvic floor is responsible for controlling the urethra.
And since semen uses the urethra to exit the body, a weakened pelvic floor can affect ejaculate volume.
Alpha blockers, which are sometimes used to treat high blood pressure, may cause a decreased volume in ejaculation.
Medication used to treat depression, specifically selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may also lead to weaker ejaculation.
If you are currently on medication and think it could be leading to ejaculation issues, it’s a good idea to talk to a healthcare provider.
If you notice a steady and constant decrease in ejaculation, you’ll want to consult with a medical professional.
Until then, it may help you to understand some things that could increase ejaculation.
As mentioned above, your pelvic floor muscles are what help to push semen out the tip of your pelvis. If those muscles are weak, you may not be able to push as much semen out during ejaculation.
Here’s exactly what to do:
Find somewhere comfortable to sit or lay down.
Keeping the rest of your body relaxed, squeeze your pelvic floor muscles. (As a reminder, they’re the ones that hold in pee.)
Hold that squeeze for five seconds before relaxing.
Repeat the process 10 times, giving yourself a short break in between each set.
Do this three times a day, gradually increasing how long you hold the squeeze.
Technically, there are no drugs approved to treat volume issues when it comes to ejaculating.
But there are plenty of ED medications approved to improve sexual function and sometimes those drugs are used off-label for ejaculatory problems.
Some of those drugs include:
Another medication to consider would be alpha agonists, such as pseudoephedrine. These are sometimes used to boost bladder-neck contractions so that retrograde ejaculation doesn’t occur.
One small trial of twenty men revealed that 70 percent of these men demonstrated improvement in semen parameters with pseudoephedrine treatment. One caveat: The improvement was minimal.
If a medication you are taking is causing low or weak ejaculation, your healthcare provider may adjust your dosage of that medicine or may switch you to another medication.
Our article on ejaculation without erection answers whether or not a man with ED can still come.
Again, ejaculating at a low volume isn’t usually anything to worry about — unless you are trying to conceive. If that’s the case, low volume could translate to a reduced sperm count.
So, what’s normal? Somewhere between 20 million and 150 million sperm per milliliter of ejaculate is considered normal.
You can have yours tested to see exactly what your output is and what the sperm quality is.
There are some things you can do to try and increase your sperm count, such as:
Being overweight can reduce sperm count, so regular exercise can help you stay in shape.
Given what we just mentioned, a healthy diet is also a must.
Severe stress can inhibit semen production. Finding ways to limit your stress can go a long way.
Smoking increases your risk for things like cancer and heart disease, but it can also affect your sperm count. So, toss those cigarettes in the trash.
To recap: The average emission of sperm is between ¼ and 1 teaspoon. If you notice you are ejaculating less than that on a regular basis, you may want to look into what may be going on.
Some reasons for ejaculatory dysfunction include age, a condition called retrograde ejaculation, and medication. Most of these things can be dealt with via different treatment options.
For more information or to assess whether your volume of ejaculate is normal or to discuss any other sexual dysfunction you are experiencing, you should speak to a healthcare professional.
They will take your medical history and may ask for a sperm sample. From there, they’ll be able to piece together what could be the cause.