According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, 40 million American adults have an anxiety disorder. It’s the most common mental health disorder, but unfortunately, only 36.4 percent of people experiencing it seek treatment.
Though an anxiety disorder is a diagnosable medical condition, there’s a spectrum of anxiety. You don’t necessarily need to have a mental health disorder to feel like getting through everyday activities is tough because of consistently negative thoughts.
Whether you have a mental health disorder or occasionally feel overwhelmed, you could benefit from learning about coping mechanisms and strategies to mitigate your anxiety. Instead of burying your emotions, be proactive about your mental health.
Check out these tips on coping with anxiety.
When looking for a way to mitigate your anxiety, it can be helpful to try a variety of approaches. A 2018 study conducted by the CDC found that alternative forms of treatment like yoga and meditation are gaining popularity.
From 2012 to 2017, the rate of meditation use went from 4.1 percent to 14.2 percent across the board in U.S. adults for all modalities studied. But is meditation a viable remedy to anxiety?
According to a 2014 study published in the medical journal Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 20 minutes of mindfulness meditation can decrease anxiety by decreasing overall brain activity.
Of course, that’s just one study. Researchers from John Hopkins University published their findings from over 19,000 meditation studies, concluding that meditation can, in fact, help people cope with everything from anxiety and stress, to physical pain.
There are numerous ways to start meditating.
With apps like Stop, Breathe, & Think and Calm, you can meditate wherever you choose. But if you’re into more traditional forms of meditation, you can certainly find classes at community centers, yoga studios or schools.
In addition to meditation, exercise can be a highly accessible way to reduce anxiety. A 2013 article in Frontiers in Psychiatry reviewed various animals studies and found there was a correlation between exercise and reduced levels of anxiety. The article cites how exercise can release endorphins that subsequently elevate mood levels.
However, some forms of exercise are more effective than others. According to the article, exercise that prioritizes self-efficacy — the ability to be reliant on oneself to realize a goal — is ideal for reducing anxiety.
Martial arts is a popular exercise that helps people regain a sense of agency and personal strength. Though martial arts isn’t for everyone, any form of physical activity can ultimately be beneficial because it also improves your energy levels and sleep.
Exercise and meditation can help you feel less nervous and worried, but they aren’t solutions for everyone. You might have a serious psychological issue that requires treatment from a professional.
If you constantly feel anxious, you might be suffering from a mental health disorder. Here are a few potential mental health conditions associated with anxiety, according to the American Psychological Association:
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): Someone can experience PTSD after experiencing a traumatic scenario. People experiencing PTSD sometimes experience flashbacks to the traumatic situation, or experience a variety of “triggers” that drum up old trauma. These flashbacks or nightmares serve as hurdles to having a happy, productive life.
Generalized anxiety disorder: People with GAD suffer from a constant feeling of nervousness and restlessness. They may feel like something is always going wrong and are overly concerned about things occurring in their lives.
Social Anxiety Disorder: Individuals with this condition feel anxious in social settings and subsequently avoid interacting with other people. This condition could make it difficult for these individuals to make friends and function out in society.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): OCD involves obsessive thoughts and rituals. These rituals and thoughts could prohibit an individual from having a happy, productive life.
Panic Disorder: People who have panic disorder experience frequent panic attacks. Panic attacks involve someone having difficulty breathing and an increased heart rate. These attacks are completely random and cause individuals suffering from this disorder to live with a constant state of nervousness.
These disorders are far from rare. However, you can’t determine whether you have one without consulting with a medical expert. In addition to giving you clarity about what exactly you’re experiencing, seeing a therapist can also help improve your mental health.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been proven to work. In a 2011 article for the medical journal Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience, Dr. Christian Otte, through a meta-analysis of numerous studies, concluded that CBT is effective.
She also concluded that mindfulness-based therapies (i.e. meditation) have been proven to be effective. Though finding an affordable therapist that fits your unique needs could take some time, there are resources out there than could make the process a bit easier.
For example, Open Path Psychotherapy Collective helps people get connected with an affordable therapist within their geographical area.
Talking About Your Feelings With Friends and Family
According to Mental Health America, American men tend to seek psychological treatment at lower rates than women because they usually downplay symptoms and have a, “reluctance to talk.” It also doesn’t help that statistics also show that younger men have higher rates of mental illness.
Cultural hurdles can be difficult to overcome, but it can start on an individual basis with more men being open and honest about their mental health with friends and family members.
Dealing With Physical Consequences of Anxiety
Any way you look at it, anxiety isn’t something you should put off treating, and certainly not something you should ignore all together.
There are plenty of ways to start dealing with your anxiety or anxious tendencies. Whether it’s talking to a professional, opening up to family and friends, getting some good exercise in, meditating or even using apps to help you sort through what’s going on, your situation won’t improve unless you’re the one taking steps to make it happen.
Anxiety comes in all different shapes and sizes, and so are the ways we use to treat and help cope with it.
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