Medically reviewed by Kristin Hall, FNP
Written by Our Editorial Team
Last updated 1/18/2021
If there’s one thing getting older will teach you, it’s that there is no shortage of things to keep your mind occupied — work, bills, that mysterious sound in your lower back when you get up too quickly, there’s always something.
Which is why in the grand scheme of things, taking proper care of your skin may appear to be a lesser worry. However, with wrinkles and fine lines inching closer with each birthday, you can’t start too early — or worry too much — about the best anti-aging skincare practices.
A hundred and one night creams, eye creams, anti-aging neck-creams etc, promise to leave your skin looking, and feeling younger — but how do you know what choices to make, and what is likely to work best for your skin?
We’ll be examining the best anti-aging skincare ingredients to guide you when making your product decisions. But first, we’ll be checking the kind of care your skin needs as it advances in age.
As you get older and develop an inevitable interest in competitive dominoes, there are a few hard truths you will come to learn about your skin: it will probably get thinner. Your face might start to sag. You could develop age spots, then dryness might set in and wrinkles will teach you a thing or two about territory.
To prevent or reduce your skin from showing these visible signs of aging, you need ingredients that can help your skin retain moisture. This can help in preventing or reducing the appearance of wrinkles. With free radicals being a major cause of skin aging, skin care products that are high in antioxidants will help in combating oxidative damage to the skin.
You will also be requiring ingredients that can help to maintain the structure of the skin, as this may be affected with age. Likewise, ingredients that can help to improve any dullness which is typical of aged skin will be a big plus for your appearance.
We’ve put together an ingredient list to help in making your choices easier.
Let's tell you a little something about the retinoid tretinoin. It was one of the first retinoids discovered, and while it was originally used to treat acne, its super-powers just may lie in getting you to “ooh” and “aah” at how much younger you look with reduced wrinkles and fine lines.
Tretinoin is perhaps the most potent retinoid for anti-aging.
Studies, like this small study on 20 people, have shown tretinoin is effective at making significant improvements in wrinkling around the eyes, fine lines around the mouth, as well as skin discoloration.
To reduce the appearance of age on your skin, this retinoid takes going skin-deep very seriously.
It stimulates the production of new blood cells in your skin, and helps with the deposit of new collagen.
It is also useful for improving elasticity in the skin and hydration, which are very important provisions for aged skin. It may also help to improve hyperpigmentation.
Yes, it may sound a little odd to put acid on your skin — but like other acids before it: glycolic, azelaic, etc. — hyaluronic acid is safe for your skin, and may be effective at reducing visible signs of aging.
If you’re a little doubtful however, you should know that right now, you have some hyaluronic acid in you. This acid is produced naturally in the body and helps to keep your skin moisturised by binding and retaining water molecules.
However, as you get older, the amount of hyaluronic acid and moisture in your skin decreases.
This is why you need to sport a serious squint when reading through the ingredient list of any potential skincare purchases.
If you’d appreciate a chance at younger looking skin, make sure to select products that contain hyaluronic acid.
Hyaluronic acid can help to reduce the depths of wrinkles and hydrate the skin. It can also improve skin firmness and elasticity, which is typically lacking in aged skin.
Yes, same one.
While your morning coffee helps to get your day started, its active ingredient — caffeine, could be working behind the steam to reduce signs of aging in your skin.
Caffeine is a potent antioxidant which can slow down photoaging of the skin. It does this by providing protection against the sun’s UV rays, which you should know is your skin’s number one foe, as it provides up to 80 percent of the visible signs of aging. Coffee is also the largest source of polyphenols, important antioxidants for daily life.
There's a reason creams, lotions and serums fall over themselves to include vitamin C in their formulations. This ingredient could hold some real potential for the skin, particularly where it comes to reducing the signs of aging.
Vitamin C has antioxidant properties. That means it can protect your skin from enemy UV rays which can fast track its aging, and the appearance of wrinkles.
This vitamin can also help to regenerate other antioxidants in the body.
Vitamin C also helps in the production of collagen, an important ingredient for skin strength and firmness which we’ll be checking out next.
If at any point you've enjoyed smooth, firm and strong skin, you just may owe collagen a belated “thank you.”
Collagen is produced by the body. It is responsible for the structure of the skin by retaining water, and providing support for skin firmness.
As you age, however, your body’s supply of this protein reduces, which is usually around the time that your skin begins to lose its usual strength and elasticity, leaving you open to wrinkles and increasingly thin and dry skin.
Thankfully, collagen supplements may be able to make up for reduced collagen synthesis, by supporting skin hydration and elasticity, as well as the amount of collagen present in your skin.
The topical application of collagen has also shown promise in being able to reduce wrinkles. But it’s also worth noting the study included only 20 women, from ages 40 to 62 years old.
In case you missed it: moisture plays a big part in your skin health and appearance, which is why ceramides should take up a big part of your skin care routine.
Ceramides are lipids produced by the body. They are important for barrier function, and help to lock moisture into your skin.
Ceramides are important for skin health, you'll notice that especially if you ever experience a deficiency of this lipid.
Without the hydration provided by ceramide, skin may get dry, which typically causes wrinkles to appear. You may also notice your skin start to look dull.
Thankfully, ceramides are currently all the rage in skincare, and are available in many products targeted towards preventing and reducing the signs of aging.
Coenzyme Q10 is a potent antioxidant produced naturally in the skin. In addition to protecting against free radicals, this enzyme is also necessary for energy production in cells.
Now remember how we said UV rays were especially bad for your skin's health? Well, that hasn't changed. Oxidative stress courtesy the sun's rays, or other measures like smoking and pollution can affect the skin, and increase the appearance of age.
Even better, CoQ10 is able to promote energy production in skin cells, this can help in fighting the signs of aging on a cellular level.
Now the bad news is, even though COQ10 is produced naturally in the body, its levels decrease with age. But there’s good news: your skin can still enjoy the benefits of this enzyme by applying it topically.
Here's a repeated list of things that can happen to your skin as you get older: you experience fine lines and wrinkles, you may develop age spots, your skin could get blotchy and you lose out on elasticity.
Here's a list of benefits topical niacinamide has been proven to provide: a reduction in fine lines and wrinkles, reduced hyperpigmented spots.
This B-vitamin is a great addition to any anti-aging skincare routine.
We spend a lot of time in our skin, so it's understandable to get more than a little attached to it looking its youngest and healthiest.
Achieving supple skin is a common wish for many, and a promise anti-aging products have sworn to deliver.
To make sure you're reversing the clock just right for your skin, make sure to keep an eye out for the listed ingredients, and to observe safe skin care activities.